The competition in the space Internet race between companies intensified after the Amazon company, run by billionaire man in the world, Jeff Bezos, received official approval from the US government to launch its “Project Kuiper” satellites in low Earth orbit to serve the broadband of the Internet around the world.
What is the Amazon Kuiper project?
The project is named after the Giant Kuiper Belt in the Solar System, which is made up of frozen bodies and space rocks, and extends from behind Neptune to beyond the dwarf planet Pluto. Amazon expects that its Kuiper Internet Space System will consist of about 3,236 satellites orbiting the Earth. It is called Low Earth Orbit (LEO), located between 692-1500 miles above the Earth’s surface.
The date of the launch of the satellites
There are many unknowns related to the Kuiper Project about when satellites will be developed or launch rockets. But the company is operating under FCC approval rules that allow Amazon to launch and operate 50 percent of its licensed satellites within six years with a deadline of July 30, 2026.
The company will have to launch the remainder of the satellites by July 30, 2029, and it is also possible to reach the initial launch phase earlier than the deadline.
As soon as the first 578 satellites have been launched, the Federal Communications Commission said Amazon plans to provide broadband Internet packages to customers, but the company has not said when broadband will be available for use by customers.
Internet package prices
It’s too early to know the project’s package prices, but Amazon aims to keep them cheap. The statements of the company’s representatives indicate that the project will be directed at least towards communities that suffer from low Internet services, and are deprived of access to it in all parts of the world, as the residents of these areas cannot spend the enormous money to be available to them.
Amazon Kuiper Project users :
The project will cover internet users all over the world. However, Amazon is likely to focus more on Internet markets in Africa, which are considered the least developed compared to other continents, due to the poor infrastructure and poor quality of communications in countries such as Angola, Gabon, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Nigeria and other African countries.
“We recently heard many stories around the world of people who are unable to do their jobs or complete their homework because they don’t have fast and reliable internet at home, but the Kuiper Project will change that.” – Dave Limb, Senior Vice President, Amazon
Amazon sees a range of customers for its project, as the company says that it can be used by families that work and learn from home and by scientists and researchers who work in remote locations, in addition to employees and volunteers of organizations who provide urgent relief and aid in the event of disasters around the world, and for various companies that It organizes its business online.
The project will also serve schools, hospitals, companies and organizations operating in places that do not have reliable fast internet access.
Another potential client is the US military. Kyper’s main competitor recently signed the StarLink project, sponsored by SpaceX and run by billionaire Elon Musk, a three-year contract with the US military to explore and test the reliability of the service. Just as the rivalry between Blue Origin space company, also owned by Jeff Bezos, and SpaceX for military contracts, it makes sense to imagine a similar competition in the Internet space race.
The difference between Amazon Kuiper and Star Link :
during this period; The main difference separating the two projects is that Star Link began launching its satellites into space last year, while Kuiper is still a project planned on paper.
But it seems that the two are performing the same task – high-speed Internet from space – using a constellation of satellites, whose numbers differ from one company to another, but the basic idea of the projects is the same and perhaps significant differences appear when both operate formally.
The next stage of Amazon Kuiper :
Getting approval from the FCC is only a promising start for the ambitious project from Amazon, and satellite internet projects are also being planned from other companies such as Boeing and Iridium.
There are Internet projects by means of balloons provided to service within the Earth’s atmosphere, such as Loon, provided by the American giant Alphabet, which already started its work in Kenya years ago.
The widespread prosperity of satellite internet projects would bring enormous fortunes to technology companies by providing them to all parts of the world, which creates an equal environment for business and social communication, especially during the home quarantine period, when epidemics or pandemics resolve, people, depend on the Internet for external communication more than any other time…
Morgan Stanley reports that the satellite Internet will be an industry worth over the US $ 410 billion by 2040.
At the moment, Amazon has opened 96 tremendous business opportunities related to the Kuiper project. Although there are many things that we do not know about Kuiper yet – including what its satellites will look like, or when they will be launched – one can expect Amazon to invest in its project with all its capabilities in the coming period to see its project light as quickly as possible.